digitalmars.D - Re: Why no contracts for release build?
On Tue, 03 Jun 2014 21:11:52 +0200 Andre via Digitalmars-d <digitalmars-d puremagic.com> wrote:As I known that assertions are only for unittest purposes I hoped, if I use enforce, this statements will not be removed in release build and will still be executed - wrong. I see, the idea of contracts in D differs to the idea of contracts e.g. in Java (http://c4j-team.github.io/C4J/ Here contracts are used for unittest but also for the productive code in release builds.
I don't know what C4J does, but the entire purpose of having in and out contracts in D is to support Design by Contract, so they're intended to catch bugs where the "contract" of a function is violated (i.e. where it requires that the input satisfy certain criteria and guarantees certain criteria for its output). It has nothing to do with error handling whatsoever. If anything, design by contract is the antithesis of error handling, because it's considered an outright bug if a contract is violated. As such, it really doesn't make sense to use the in or out blocks for anything other than assertions. And honestly, I don't see how you would gain anything if you could. Aside from virtual functions, there is no difference between asserting at the beginning of a function or in the in block, and there is no difference between asserting in the out block and asserting in a scope(success) statement which is put at the beginning of the function. The only place where the in and out blocks actually gain you anything is that in a virtual function their success or failure is effectively &&ed or ||ed with those of the other virtual functions in the inheritance tree (because the in contracts only have to be as strict as the contracts in the most derived function, and the out contracts have to be as strict as the contracts in all of the virtual functions in the inheritance tree). It's that extra bit of logic for classes where the runtime catches and ignores AssertErrors where appropriate that actually makes it so that the in and out blocks actually buy you anything. And since none of that would actually apply to exceptions, I don't see how using in and out blocks would actually buy you anything when using exceptions. As it is, it doesn't buy you much when using assertions. - Jonathan M Davis
Jun 03 2014