D Programming Language 1.0

Last update Mon Dec 31 10:53:28 2012

# std.md5

Computes MD5 digests of arbitrary data. MD5 digests are 16 byte quantities that are like a checksum or crc, but are more robust.

There are two ways to do this. The first does it all in one function call to sum(). The second is for when the data is buffered.

BUGS:
MD5 digests have been demonstrated to not be unique.

Author:
The routines and algorithms are derived from the RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm.

References:
Wikipedia on MD5

Source:
std/md5.d

Example:
```// This code is derived from the
// RSA Data Security, Inc. MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm.

import std.md5;

private import std.stdio;
private import std.string;
private import std.c.stdio;
private import std.c.string;

int main(char[][] args)
{
foreach (char[] arg; args)
MDFile(arg);
return 0;
}

/* Digests a file and prints the result. */
void MDFile(char[] filename)
{
FILE* file;
MD5_CTX context;
int len;
ubyte[4 * 1024] buffer;
ubyte digest[16];

if ((file = fopen(std.string.toStringz(filename), "rb")) == null)
writefln("%s can't be opened", filename);
else
{
context.start();
while ((len = fread(buffer, 1, buffer.sizeof, file)) != 0)
context.update(buffer[0 .. len]);
context.finish(digest);
fclose(file);

writefln("MD5 (%s) = %s", filename, digestToString(digest));
}
}
```

void sum(ubyte[16u] digest, void[] data);
Computes MD5 digest of array of data.

void printDigest(ubyte[16u] digest);
Prints a message digest in hexadecimal to stdout.

char[] digestToString(ubyte[16u] digest);
Converts MD5 digest to a string.

struct MD5_CTX;
Holds context of MD5 computation.

Used when data to be digested is buffered.

void start();
MD5 initialization. Begins an MD5 operation, writing a new context.

void update(void[] input);
MD5 block update operation. Continues an MD5 message-digest operation, processing another message block, and updating the context.

void finish(ubyte[16u] digest);
MD5 finalization. Ends an MD5 message-digest operation, writing the the message to digest and zeroing the context.