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digitalmars.D.bugs - [Issue 21665] New: Void initialization should not be allowed for


          Issue ID: 21665
           Summary: Void initialization should not be allowed for
                    instances of struct with invariant
           Product: D
           Version: D2
          Hardware: All
                OS: All
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P1
         Component: dmd
          Assignee: nobody puremagic.com
          Reporter: bugzilla digitalmars.com

struct ShortString {
    private ubyte length;
    private char[15] data;

    this(const(char)[] src) {
        length = cast(ubyte) src.length;
        data[0 .. src.length] = src[];

    const(char)[] opIndex() const {
        // should be ok to skip the bounds check here
        return data.ptr[0 .. length];

    invariant { assert(length <= data.length); }

If this is void initialized,

   safe test() {
    ShortString s = void;
    char c = s[16];

Then the value in .length is unpredictable, so the invariant may not be
satisfied. So, in  safe code, void initializations of struct objects when the
struct has an invariant should not be allowed.

The same holds true for unions, such as:

  union U {
    int n;
    ShortString s;

Examples by Dennis Korpel and Paul Backus.

Feb 26 2021