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digitalmars.D.bugs - [Issue 21645] New: template value argument capriciously rejects


          Issue ID: 21645
           Summary: template value argument capriciously rejects class
                    objects literals
           Product: D
           Version: D2
          Hardware: All
                OS: All
            Status: NEW
          Severity: enhancement
          Priority: P1
         Component: dmd
          Assignee: nobody puremagic.com
          Reporter: destructionator gmail.com


"Template value parameter types can be any type which can be statically
initialized at compile time."

So far, this ought to allow classes since they can be statically initialized at
compile time! And indeed, the compiler lets me write the parameter.

template test(Object o) { } // compiles fine

However, the spec then says:

"Template value arguments can be integer values, floating point values, nulls,
string values, array literals of template value arguments, associative array
literals of template value arguments, or struct literals of template value

Which makes that definition useless since it is impossible to actually pass an
argument to that template!

void main() { test!(new Object); } // rejected!

There's no justification for this ever since classes were implemented in CTFE.
Indeed, the compiler does allow me to write:

template test(Object[] o) { enum test = 0; }
void main() { int dummy = test!([new Object]); }

without complaint! So wrapping it in an array is fine (this is technically
accepts-invalid since [new Object] is not an array of template value arguments,
but the error is not diagnosed until codegen which means you can smuggle the
value in if you keep it strictly in a CTFE context, but since you can
initialize static object arrays in CTFE for runtime without error, even this
seems silly). But the compiler rejects the immediate object out of hand.

I don't see any reason for this restriction to continue to exist. I can
understand it not accepting a reference since that cannot be read at compile
time and mutable aliases and CTFE are not likely to work well anyway.

But is there a good reason not to allow an object literal?

Feb 17 2021