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digitalmars.D.learn - how to define a struct without padding

reply aki <aki google.com> writes:

This is a code ported from some windows C program.
It is the Windows WAVE file header definition.
The field layout is the same with C,
but it has extra 2 bytes at the end,
sizeof(WAVEHEADER) in C is 46 while WAVEHEADER.sizeof in D is 48.
Why it still have padding in spite of "align(1)" ?
How can I remove extra padding bytes?

module main;
import std.stdio;
alias ushort WORD;
alias uint DWORD;

align(1) struct WAVEFORMATEX {
     WORD        wFormatTag;         /* format type */
     WORD        nChannels;          /* number of channels (i.e. 
mono, stereo...) */
     DWORD       nSamplesPerSec;     /* sample rate */
     DWORD       nAvgBytesPerSec;    /* for buffer estimation */
     WORD        nBlockAlign;        /* block size of data */
     WORD        wBitsPerSample;     /* number of bits per sample 
of mono data */
     WORD        cbSize;             /* the count in bytes of the 
size of */
	/* extra information (after cbSize) */

align(1) struct WAVEHEADER {
     char[4]			szRIFF;
     int				lRIFFSize;
     char[4]			szWave;
     char[4]			szFmt;
     int				lFmtSize;
     WAVEFORMATEX		wfex;
     char[4]			szData;
     int				lDataSize;

void main() {
     writeln(WAVEHEADER.sizeof);	// 48; but it must be 46

May 24
parent reply Adam D. Ruppe <destructionator gmail.com> writes:
On Thursday, 25 May 2017 at 01:25:44 UTC, aki wrote:
 align(1) struct WAVEFORMATEX {
align(1) on the outside removes padding from the end. You also need `align(1):` on the inside to move all the padding to the end. align(1) struct NAME { align(1): members }
May 24
parent aki <aki google.com> writes:
On Thursday, 25 May 2017 at 01:34:35 UTC, Adam D. Ruppe wrote:
 align(1) struct NAME {
My problem is resolved. Thank you for the quick reply. Thanks, Aki
May 24