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digitalmars.D.learn - How do I convert a LPVOID (void*) to string?

reply Nieto <neto.ribeiro email.com> writes:
How do I convert/create a D string from LPVOID (void*)?

 string GetLastErrorMessage() {

	LPVOID lpMsgBuf;
	DWORD errorMessageID = GetLastError();

	FormatMessageA(
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
		NULL,
		errorMessageID,
		MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT),
		cast(LPSTR) &lpMsgBuf,
		0, NULL);


	return ??
}
Oct 16
next sibling parent Nieto <neto.ribeiro email.com> writes:
On Monday, 16 October 2017 at 21:48:35 UTC, Nieto wrote:
 How do I convert/create a D string from LPVOID (void*)?

 string GetLastErrorMessage() {

	LPVOID lpMsgBuf;
	DWORD errorMessageID = GetLastError();

	FormatMessageA(
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
		NULL,
		errorMessageID,
		MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT),
		cast(LPSTR) &lpMsgBuf,
		0, NULL);


	return ??
}
I forget to call LocalFree(lpMsgBuf); here...
Oct 16
prev sibling next sibling parent reply Adam D. Ruppe <destructionator gmail.com> writes:
On Monday, 16 October 2017 at 21:48:35 UTC, Nieto wrote:
 How do I convert/create a D string from LPVOID (void*)?
There is no one answer to this, but for the specific function are are looking at, the ALLOCATE_BUFFER argument means it puts the pointer in the pointer. So the way I'd do it is: char* lpMsgBuf; instead of LPVOID. You might as well keep some type info there; no need to call it VOID yet (it will implicitly cast to that when it is necessary). You still need to cast at the function call point, so the rest remains the same, but you should keep the return value of FormatMessageA. Then, you can do something like this: string s = lpMsgBuf[0 .. returned_value].idup; and it will copy it into the D string. You could also skip that ALLOCATE_BUFFER argument and pass it a buffer yourself, soemthing like: char[400] buffer; auto ret = FormatMessageA( FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM | FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS, NULL, errorMessageID, MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT), buffer.ptr, buffer.length, NULL); return buffer[0 .. ret].idup; would also work.
Oct 16
parent Igor <stojkovic.igor gmail.com> writes:
On Monday, 16 October 2017 at 22:54:32 UTC, Adam D. Ruppe wrote:
 On Monday, 16 October 2017 at 21:48:35 UTC, Nieto wrote:
 How do I convert/create a D string from LPVOID (void*)?
There is no one answer to this, but for the specific function are are looking at, the ALLOCATE_BUFFER argument means it puts the pointer in the pointer. So the way I'd do it is: char* lpMsgBuf; instead of LPVOID. You might as well keep some type info there; no need to call it VOID yet (it will implicitly cast to that when it is necessary). You still need to cast at the function call point, so the rest remains the same, but you should keep the return value of FormatMessageA. Then, you can do something like this: string s = lpMsgBuf[0 .. returned_value].idup; and it will copy it into the D string. You could also skip that ALLOCATE_BUFFER argument and pass it a buffer yourself, soemthing like: char[400] buffer; auto ret = FormatMessageA( FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM | FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS, NULL, errorMessageID, MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT), buffer.ptr, buffer.length, NULL); return buffer[0 .. ret].idup; would also work.
If you will not use this buffer in any other way but as an immutable string slightly better way is to: import std.exception : assumeUnique; return assumeUnique(buffer[0..ret]); This will not allocate another buffer only to copy data to it as immutable.
Oct 19
prev sibling next sibling parent Kagamin <spam here.lot> writes:
 string GetLastErrorMessage() {

	wchar* lpMsgBuf;
	DWORD errorMessageID = GetLastError();

	uint len=FormatMessageW(
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
		NULL,
		errorMessageID,
		MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT),
		cast(LPWSTR) &lpMsgBuf,
		0, NULL);

	string msg=lpMsgBuf[0..len].to!string;
	LocalFree(lpMsgBuf);

	return msg;
}
Oct 19
prev sibling parent reply Mike Parker <aldacron gmail.com> writes:
On Monday, 16 October 2017 at 21:48:35 UTC, Nieto wrote:
 How do I convert/create a D string from LPVOID (void*)?

 string GetLastErrorMessage() {

	LPVOID lpMsgBuf;
	DWORD errorMessageID = GetLastError();

	FormatMessageA(
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_ALLOCATE_BUFFER |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_FROM_SYSTEM |
		FORMAT_MESSAGE_IGNORE_INSERTS,
		NULL,
		errorMessageID,
		MAKELANGID(LANG_NEUTRAL, SUBLANG_DEFAULT),
		cast(LPSTR) &lpMsgBuf,
		0, NULL);


	return ??
}
If you're using this solely for Windows error messages, the std.windows.syserror module has a function, sysErrorString, which wraps it up for you. It also provides a WindowsException you can throw which, given an Windows error code, will contain a formatted system error message. https://dlang.org/phobos/std_windows_syserror.html
Oct 19
parent Nieto <neto.ribeiro email.com> writes:
Thanks for all answers guys.

 If you're using this solely for Windows error messages, the 
 std.windows.syserror module has a function, sysErrorString, 
 which wraps it up for you. It also provides a WindowsException 
 you can throw which, given an Windows error code, will contain 
 a formatted system error message.

 https://dlang.org/phobos/std_windows_syserror.html
Yep, I was using solely for Windows error messages. In fact, I was trying to reinvent the wheel of wenforce(). Thanks for point out this. I should have asked if there was a native function for this rather go on and write one myself...
Oct 21