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digitalmars.D.bugs - [Issue 922] New: export keyword causes undefined references on linux

reply d-bugmail puremagic.com writes:
http://d.puremagic.com/issues/show_bug.cgi?id=922

           Summary: export keyword causes undefined references on linux
           Product: D
           Version: 1.00
          Platform: PC
        OS/Version: Linux
            Status: NEW
          Keywords: link-failure
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P2
         Component: DMD
        AssignedTo: bugzilla digitalmars.com
        ReportedBy: torhu yahoo.com


Let's say you have a C lib that you want to link with your D app.  You'd have a
D 'header' like this:

// need access to global_var defined in the C lib
export extern extern (C) {
    int global_var;
}

The export keyword is there to facilitate dynamic linking on Windows.  On
linux, it causes link failure, both with static and dynamic linking. 
"undefined reference to `_imp__global_var'".  This is not a actual error
message, since I don't have access to a linux box.  But similar errors have
been reported by others.

Supposedly, 'export' is not needed with ELF, as all symbols are visible by
default.  So I suppose dmd should ignore export on linux?

The workaround we're using is to have a script remove 'export' from the files
before compiling on linux.  Pretty ugly.  Littering code with version
statements, or reorganizing it so we can put 'version (Windows) export:'
somewhere wasn't very attractive either.


-- 
Feb 02 2007
parent d-bugmail puremagic.com writes:
http://d.puremagic.com/issues/show_bug.cgi?id=922





------- Comment #1 from thomas-dloop kuehne.cn  2007-04-05 11:38 -------
(In reply to description)
 Let's say you have a C lib that you want to link with your D app.  You'd have 

 
 // need access to global_var defined in the C lib
 export extern extern (C) {
     int global_var;
 }
 
 The export keyword is there to facilitate dynamic linking on Windows. 
 On linux, it causes link failure, both with static and dynamic linking.
 "undefined reference to `_imp__global_var'".  This is not a actual error
 message, since I don't have access to a linux box.  But similar errors have
 been reported by others.

Let's avoid any potential "extern" isssues: # # export int global_var; # # void main(){ printf("%X\n", global_var); # a.d:(.gnu.linkonce.t_Dmain+0x4): undefined reference to `_imp__D1a10global_vari'
 Supposedly, 'export' is not needed with ELF, as all symbols are visible by 

 So I suppose dmd should ignore export on linux?

DMD doesn't use ELF's visibility features, thus export isn't required under Linux.
 The workaround we're using is to have a script remove 'export' from the files
 before compiling on linux.  Pretty ugly.  Littering code with version 

 or reorganizing it so we can put 'version (Windows) export:' somewhere wasn't
 very attractive either.

Another option would be to use the GDC compiler. Added to DStress as http://dstress.kuehne.cn/run/e/export_01_A.d --
Apr 05 2007