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digitalmars.D.bugs - [Issue 8355] New: struct's sizeof has bug

reply d-bugmail puremagic.com writes:
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           Summary: struct's sizeof has bug
           Product: D
           Version: D2
          Platform: x86
        OS/Version: Windows
            Status: NEW
          Severity: normal
          Priority: P2
         Component: DMD
        AssignedTo: nobody puremagic.com
        ReportedBy: soarowl yeah.net


--- Comment #0 from soarowl yeah.net 2012-07-07 06:37:32 PDT ---
The following code extract from https://github.com/SiegeLord/Tango-D2.git

tango\util\compress\Zip.d
---------------------------------------------------------------------
import
    std.stdio;

align(1)
{
    struct LocalFileHeaderData
    {
        ushort      extract_version = ushort.max;
        ushort      general_flags = 0;
        ushort      compression_method = 0;
        ushort      modification_file_time = 0;
        ushort      modification_file_date = 0;
        uint        crc_32 = 0; // offsetof = 10
        uint        compressed_size = 0;
        uint        uncompressed_size = 0;
        ushort      file_name_length = 0;
        ushort      extra_field_length = 0;
    }
}

void main()
{
    writeln(LocalFileHeaderData.sizeof);
}
---------------------------------------------------------

The output should be 26 instread of 28.

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next sibling parent d-bugmail puremagic.com writes:
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Nils <mailme+d nilsb.dyndns.org> changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 CC|                            |mailme+d nilsb.dyndns.org
           Severity|normal                      |regression


--- Comment #1 from Nils <mailme+d nilsb.dyndns.org> 2012-07-07 12:54:29 PDT ---
printed "26" before
https://github.com/D-Programming-Language/dmd/commit/154e44a006270d53745f99ec3e538a0ce526ae76

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Walter Bright <bugzilla digitalmars.com> changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Status|NEW                         |RESOLVED
                 CC|                            |bugzilla digitalmars.com
         Resolution|                            |INVALID


--- Comment #2 from Walter Bright <bugzilla digitalmars.com> 2012-07-07
13:21:52 PDT ---
If you're using head, you'll need to put the align(1) inside the struct
declaration, rather than outside. The layout is now only affected by align
attributes that are inside the declaration. Align attributes outside affect how
the struct is aligned where the struct instance is placed.

I.e. this is an intentional change.

The previous behavior was broken in some respects, and was incompatible with
doing things like having 256 byte alignment. Furthermore, the specific behavior
of putting align outside and having it affect the inside was a bug.

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bearophile_hugs eml.cc changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 CC|                            |bearophile_hugs eml.cc


--- Comment #3 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2012-07-07 13:58:13 PDT ---
(In reply to comment #2)
 If you're using head, you'll need to put the align(1) inside the struct
 declaration, rather than outside. The layout is now only affected by align
 attributes that are inside the declaration.

What's the right syntax? This prints three times 28: struct Foo1 { align(1): ushort a,b,c,d,e; uint f, g, h; ushort i, j; } pragma(msg, Foo1.sizeof); struct Foo2 { align(1) { ushort a,b,c,d,e; uint f, g, h; ushort i, j; } } pragma(msg, Foo2.sizeof); struct Foo3 { align(1) ushort a,b,c,d,e; align(1) uint f, g, h; align(1) ushort i, j; } pragma(msg, Foo3.sizeof); void main() {} While this prints 26: align(1) struct Foo4 { align(1): ushort a,b,c,d,e; uint f, g, h; ushort i, j; } pragma(msg, Foo4.sizeof); void main() {} -- Configure issuemail: http://d.puremagic.com/issues/userprefs.cgi?tab=email ------- You are receiving this mail because: -------
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--- Comment #4 from Walter Bright <bugzilla digitalmars.com> 2012-07-07
16:11:40 PDT ---
align inside sets the alignment of the fields. align outside sets the alignment
of the instance as a single block.

So, you'll need both to get an unaligned size.

For example, consider an array of S. It should be an even multiple of the size
of S. So consider how alignment must play into that, and the behavior becomes
inevitable.

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