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digitalmars.D.bugs - [Issue 3882] New: Unused result of pure functions

reply d-bugmail puremagic.com writes:
http://d.puremagic.com/issues/show_bug.cgi?id=3882

           Summary: Unused result of pure functions
           Product: D
           Version: 2.040
          Platform: All
        OS/Version: All
            Status: NEW
          Severity: enhancement
          Priority: P2
         Component: DMD
        AssignedTo: nobody puremagic.com
        ReportedBy: bearophile_hugs eml.cc


--- Comment #0 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2010-03-05 10:31:12 PST ---
The following small program:

void main() {
    int x = 5;
    x + 3;
}

Currently produces the compile error:
Error: + has no effect in expression (x + 3)
because that's often a small bug in the program.

Equally, a pure function has no side effects, so its only purpose is to return
a value. So the compiler can issue a warning or error if its return value is
not used. This can help avoid some small bugs.

This predecessor() function computes the predecessor of its input argument, its
result is always nonnegative:


pure int predecessor(int x) {
    if (x <= 0)
        throw new Exception("");
    return x - 1;
}
void main() {
    predecessor(5); // warning or error
}


In theory a pure function can be used just for the exceptions it throws, but I
think this is a quite uncommon usage.

A "pure nothrow" function can't even have this uncommon purpose, so this can
produce a compile error:

pure nothrow int predecessor(int x) {
    return x - 1;
}
void main() {
    predecessor(5); // error
}

--------------

In GCC there is a function attribute named "warn_unused_result":
http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc/Function-Attributes.html

The warn_unused_result attribute causes a warning to be emitted if a caller of
the function with this attribute does not use its return value. This is useful
for functions where not checking the result is either a security problem or
always a bug, such as realloc.

Similar attribute can be named like  do_use_result in D2.

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--- Comment #1 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2011-02-28 04:21:28 PST ---
See also bug 5464 , that contains and expands just the second part of this
enhancement request (because putting two different requests in a bugzilla issue
is bad).

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--- Comment #2 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2011-03-27 07:29:53 PDT ---
If the druntime function to allocate a new array is a pure function, then this
enhancement request catches a bug like this too:

{
    new int[10];
}

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--- Comment #3 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2011-03-27 08:39:01 PDT ---
KennyTM~ reminds that this is error message is only for "strongly pure"
functions.

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--- Comment #4 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2011-03-27 13:21:22 PDT ---
Walter seems to appreciate the idea:

http://www.digitalmars.com/webnews/newsgroups.php?art_group=digitalmars.D&article_id=132932

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Walter Bright <bugzilla digitalmars.com> changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
             Status|NEW                         |RESOLVED
                 CC|                            |bugzilla digitalmars.com
         Resolution|                            |FIXED


--- Comment #5 from Walter Bright <bugzilla digitalmars.com> 2011-06-25
20:44:39 PDT ---
https://github.com/D-Programming-Language/dmd/commit/9b50184ca4e66a4b878468b7eb0cb21839684c81

I added this as a warning because it's fairly onerous now that we have implicit
purity deduction.

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--- Comment #6 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2011-06-25 23:14:11 PDT ---
(In reply to comment #5)

 I added this as a warning because it's fairly onerous now that we have implicit
 purity deduction.
Thank you very much Walter. DMD 2.054 is becoming an interesting release. In few months the warning will allow us to see _how much_ onerous a similar error is. -- Configure issuemail: http://d.puremagic.com/issues/userprefs.cgi?tab=email ------- You are receiving this mail because: -------
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bearophile_hugs eml.cc changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Resolution|FIXED                       |WONTFIX


--- Comment #7 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2011-06-27 12:51:57 PDT ---
I change this to WONTFIX because practice has already shown this change is not
currently practical. More thinking is needed.

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Trass3r <mrmocool gmx.de> changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 CC|                            |mrmocool gmx.de


--- Comment #8 from Trass3r <mrmocool gmx.de> 2012-01-05 14:38:57 PST ---
*** Issue 7235 has been marked as a duplicate of this issue. ***

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Trass3r <mrmocool gmx.de> changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Resolution|WONTFIX                     |LATER


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bearophile_hugs eml.cc changed:

           What    |Removed                     |Added
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 CC|                            |per.nordlow gmail.com


--- Comment #9 from bearophile_hugs eml.cc 2013-03-02 05:36:15 PST ---
*** Issue 9632 has been marked as a duplicate of this issue. ***

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Mar 02 2013