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digitalmars.D - Re: New syntax for string mixins

Don Wrote:

 You missed: pattern matching, 

Yes, you've got me there. I've assumed that pattern matching, while a major feature, is not fundamental to the Nemerle macro-system, but I may be mistaken. One obvious difference which *is* fundamental is that Nemerle macros allow new syntax. Am I correct in thinking that Nemerle always requires complete ASTs? That is, given a name "x", can you access variables "x1", "x2", "x3" ? > quasi-quotation, No, that's present in D. It's the primary reason I say that the differences are mostly syntactic, since I see this as THE fundamental feature. You need to be able to reenter the macro system after you have left it. Once you can do that, you can do pretty much anything.

You not understand... pattern matching and quasi-quotation tightly bound. The quasi-quotation produce instances of Algebraic Data Type (AlgTD) which can be decomposed (and matched) by pattern matching (PM). We use PM to "read" code of a project. For example, see C# grammar: http://code.google.com/p/nemerle/source/browse/nemerle/trunk/snippets/csharp-parser/CSharpParser/Parser.n?r=9436 which made by PegGrammar macro: http://code.google.com/p/nemerle/source/browse/nemerle/trunk/snippets/peg-parser/Nemerle.Peg.Macros?r=9436 Or see our foreach macro: http://code.google.com/p/nemerle/source/browse/nemerle/trunk/macros/core.n?r=9436#508
 running of fully functional Nemerle
 code in compile time, 

Yes, but that's a different issue. In D, running code at compile time is regarded as an aspect of constant-folding, and is not restricted to macros.

The constant-folding is too limited solution. The power of of macros, including the ability to use are any libraries and any data sources. And ... you use enterpretation... slow way.
 access to compiler API in macros

In practice, has to be a library, right? Otherwise the compiler internals would be exposed? (This is an issue we're struggling with).

Yes. The Nemerle compiler is library. :) Unfortunately Nemerle API is not pretty clear. But I believe it's a right way. P.S. Sorry for my (Russian) English. :)
Dec 17 2010